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TSU Faculty of History
With the establishment of the Imperial Tomsk University in 1878, among many departments and offices planned to open and History and Philology, but only managed to implement his plan in 1917, Summer 1917 is officially considered the birth time faculty. Originally it called the Faculty of History and Philology and had three departments: history, philology and philosophy. In 1974, the Faculty of History became a separate structure State University. In the first years in the Department of History worked only two departments (Russian and world history), now on the faculty of seven departments and 95% of teachers have academic titles and degrees.

The structure includes:

* Department of Russian history (the manager. Cafes. - V. P.Zinovev). Special and producing department of national history was opened in 1967. The main scientific directions of the department are: problems of ethnography, the history of indigenous peoples of Siberia, inter-ethnic relations; economic development of Siberia and the story of assigned peasants; Russian state in the Middle Ages and modern times; history of state institutions; Russian statehood and serfdom XVI-XVIII centuries .; social and cultural aspects of the history of the Russian nobility; Russian diplomacy XVIII-XIX centuries .; the foreign policy of Russia in the late XIX-early XX centuries .; public opinion and socio-political movement XIX-early XX centuries .; historiography of Russian history of XVIII - early XX centuries .; historical information; Russian Culture X - the beginning of XX century .; history and culture of Siberian Old Believers; history of the Romanov dynasty.
* Department of modern Russian history (the manager. - Prof. S. F.Fominyh). Founded in 1917, the first name - Department of Russian history, then - Department of History of the USSR. Since the late 1940s the department was known as the Department of History of the USSR, and in 1966 it was separated from the department of history of the Soviet period. Prior to 1991, the department was called the Department of History of the USSR Soviet period now - the Department of modern Russian history. The department provides training in the specialty 14.02.2010 - "history". Teachers of the department read a series of lectures, which are updated in the light of new approaches to the different events in the Russian history of XX century. Much attention is paid to the characterization of historiography and source base, the search for new approaches, ethno-political processes in Russia and post-Soviet states, "human content" of the historical process of the Soviet era, the specifics of the consciousness of people in a particular historical situation, the spiritual state of society 20s - late 80s ., post-Soviet everyday life: http://history.tsu.ru/



SU - University yesterday, today ...
Imperial Tomsk University, founded in 1878, became the first and for a long time was the only university in Siberia and the Far East.

* The university has 23,000 students (13,000 full-time students) in 130 directions and specialties, 700 graduate students in 84 specialties, 100 doctoral students in 38 specialties.
* 24 The University faculty and the educational institution, 4 branches and 47 pre-university training centers in the cities of Siberia and Kazakhstan.
* The TSU studied and worked about 100 members of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Academy of Medical Sciences and the Academy of Sciences of the CIS countries, and more than 250 State Prize winners, two Nobel Prize winner; trained more than 150 thousand. graduates.
* The University has more than 350 doctors and 900 candidates of science, 43 the winner of the State Prize of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology, there are 20 dissertation councils (all 20 - doctoral); annually protect about 20 doctoral and 100 master's theses.
* Basic scientific research is conducted at the Research Institute: Siberian Physico-Technical Institute, Institute of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, Institute of Biology and Biophysics, Siberian Botanical Garden Herbarium and 92 research laboratories.
* Over the past 10 years, 4 Tbilisi State University team of scientists awarded the State Prize of Russia in the field of science and technology, RF Government Prize in Science and Technology Award of the President of RF in the field of education; 43 scientific schools entered the presidential list of leading scientific schools of Russia.
* TSU is a leader among universities in Russia by the number of awards received by students and young scientists in the Scientific competitions. Over the past 5 years, students and faculty of Tbilisi State University awarded 20 medals of Russian Academy of Sciences, more than 500 students were awarded medals and diplomas of the Ministry of Education Robert F ..
* The University is a member of the scholarship program fund "Oxford-Russia": starting with 3 courses each year 450 students of humanities receive scholarships that fund. Total RFBR grants under the "Mobility of young scientists", which will be implemented at the Tomsk State University or provided to support young scientists of TSU, exceeded 40% of their total number in Russia, which confirms the high scientific credibility of the institution: http://history.tsu.ru/



On the basis of the TSU are: Competition Centre grants the Ministry of Education RF on the problems of ecology and environmental protection; The Expert Council of the regional competition of grants RHF and Tomsk Region Administration; Association "Open University of Western Siberia", which unites more than 30 universities in Siberia, the Far East and Kazakhstan.
* TSU widely developing international cooperation with leading educational and research centers, rrealizuet projects for the most prestigious grants from major foundations (Carnegie Corporation of New Eurasia Foundation, MacArthur Foundation CRDF) and the Ministry of Education of RF in the development of both human (open CASE - Interregional Institute of Social Sciences), and physical and mathematical sciences (formed REC - Research and Education Center «Physics and Chemistry of High-Energy Systems"). The projects to 15 grants of the European TEMPUS program with the University of Sheffield, Utrecht and Oxford. TSU professors invited to lecture at Stanford, Oxford, Cambridge, the Sorbonne, Heidelberg and other foreign universities.
* TSU - the largest information center, which included scientific library of national importance (4 million copies.), The Federal Resource Center of scientific-methodical, personnel and logistics of the unified educational information environment of the Siberian Federal District, Institute of Distance Education, Tomsk regional teleport.
* Currently, the TSU has developed innovation infrastructure, including education, research, innovation center (29 REC 10 CCU, Interuniversity center of training for the TVZ, and others.), Equipped with the most modern and unique equipment, including the supercomputer SKIF Cyberia, powerful transceiver station of satellite communications (Teleport). The belt of small innovative enterprises TSU includes 28 companies, including 6 companies available under the Federal Law № 217. In 2015, there was the launch of the first Russian enterprise for the production of import-substituting glyoxal, established on the basis of scientific research scientists of TSU.
* In 2015, on the basis of the federal target program "Research and teaching staff" TSU has become a leader among universities in the country, won the largest number - 89 contests.
* The University occupies a prestigious position in the Russian and international rankings. TSU - one of the four universities of the country, members of the TOP-500 international ranking of universities by the magazine «Times».

* Widely known in the country and abroad are winners of national and international competitions - choir, violin ensemble of TSU, jazz band "TSU-62".
* Among the TSU students - members of the Olympic national team, winners of international and Russian competitions. Athletes TSU perform in 20 sports. World renown acquired university club of divers "Scat". As part of the club's 20 world champions, 15 European champions, athletes TSU has more than 30 world and European records.
* Tomsk State University was awarded in 1967 the Order of the Red Banner of Labor,
in 1980 - the Order of the October Revolution,
in 1978 the Order of the Red Banner of Labor awarded the Siberian Physico-Technical Institute TSU: http://history.tsu.ru/



Russian presidential decree number 30 of January 15, 2007 Tomsk State University is included in the most valuable objects of cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation.
* In 2014, the University was among the first classical university received a certificate of National Quality Assurance of compliance with the Quality Management System TSU international standard ISO 9001: 2009.
* In 2015, Tomsk State University adopted the European University Association (EUA).
* In 2015 - 2015 years. TSU performed an innovative educational program as one of the 17 universities-winners of the first All-Russian contest of innovative universities in the framework of the priority national project "Education".
* In 2015, Tomsk State University, won the competition for the selection of university development programs, in respect of which the category "national research university".
* In 2015, Tomsk State University won the competition provisions of the Government of RF number 218 and number 219 on the right to receive state funding for the development of innovation infrastructure and the implementation of two integrated projects for high-tech production: http://history.tsu.ru/



History of Tomsk
Founded as a fort in 1604.

Since 1629 Tomsk given the status of the city, the center of the Siberian region.

Since the XVIII century, the most developed trade, industrial city in Siberia.

In 1726 it added to the Tobolsk province as a district town.

In 1804 Tomsk became the main city of the new province of Tomsk.


Getting laid Tomsk city jail, built in 1604 a detachment of military men. They arrived under the command of Pisemsky and B. Tyrkova from Surgut. For the construction of the prison was chosen place on the right bank of the Tom River, which gave the name of the future city. On three sides this place had natural fortifications, river, wetlands, steep cliff. Fourth, north side strengthened during the construction. The central part of the prison was surrounded by wooden walls with guard towers and entrance gates. On towers were guns and food, there is always carried the guard. Tomsk jail was one of the strongholds for the detachment of Cossacks, heading the future, to the south and east in search of new lands and convenient ways to the shores of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Pacific. Next to the prison quickly formed Posad, Living servitors and Russian immigrants, whose government sent here from Vologda, Look Great, Ustyug and other cities. Prison population has grown rapidly. By 1626 there were more than 500 families, and in 1646 the number rose to 884. Since 1629 Tomsk already had the status of the city, the center of the Siberian region. The settlers received plots of arable land and pastures for cattle and engaged in the fur trade, fishing, various crafts and trade. With the locals have accepted Russian citizenship, immigrants have lived in peace and harmony. The fortress protected them from attacks of nomads, and Russian peasants and artisans introduced native Siberians with previously unknown grain and industrial crops, new crafts and construction methods. Now in Tomsk began to sow rye, wheat, oats, vegetable gardens were cabbage, carrots, cucumbers, onions, radishes and garlic, and of industrial crops cultivated flax and hemp.

In most Russian cities in Siberia with local people to collect tribute, the tax on the royal treasury. We paid tribute in furs. Each family of the hunter handed over 10 sables. So it was in Tomsk, but by the end of the XVII century in place of tribute on the local population has been assigned Yamskaya service for ferry cargo from Tomsk to Tobolsk and back. Together with the Russian Cossacks and archers indigenous Siberians guard duty, went to the military campaigns against the steppe nomads, were "Tolmachev" - translators: http://history.tsu.ru/



In the XVIII century Russian border moved south. Construction of the border fortifications were transferred to the Northern Altai. The strategic importance of Tomsk fell, the garrison was transferred to the Biisk and Ust-Kamenogorsk fortress. However, much earlier Tomsk has become not only a military town, but also acquired a value of trade and handicraft center of Siberia. This was facilitated by his position on the main Siberian Highway, for which the city was moving through the huge flow of goods. In Tomsk resident population of more than 10 families Bukharan merchants who brought goods from Central Asia. There they bought furs and marketed it to Central Asian cities. They came to the city with goods and Russian merchants. At the beginning of the XVIII century near the mouth of the river on Ushaika Tom has developed a large market.

In 1719 Tomsk was added to the Yenisei, and in 1726 to the Tobolsk province as a district center. With the growing importance of the Siberian tract growing importance of Tomsk. By the 40 th years of the XVIII century on the site of the container path to Tomsk were placed milestones, to build a bridge. Along the way any Russian countryside and villages. Tomsk became a major trading city transit center in Siberia. Among the urban population there are more merchants associated with nonresident trade. They carried goods to and Macarius Irbit Fair traded tea and silk fabrics imported from China. Actively began to develop and urban craft. Tomsk craftsmen doing horse harness, rope Vili sewn shoes and gloves produced chests. In the city there were dozens of forges, and in the surrounding villages were making sleighs, carts, arc, wheels, drove resin and tar. Products masters drove in Tomsk. Everything was subordinated to the needs of the Siberian tract, including izvozny fishing, which occupies a considerable number of residents.

By the beginning of the XIX century in Tomsk population of 8000 people. In 1804, due to discharge from the Tobolsk province several counties was formed a new Tomsk Province. Now Tomsk received the status of a provincial town that had an impact on its economic development, and appearance. In the city there are more stone buildings, wooden bridges and sidewalks. However, work on the improvement of Tomsk completely fell on the inhabitants of the city who had to deliver construction materials to make flooring, dig ditches for drainage: http://history.tsu.ru/



The rapid growth of Tomsk began with the end of the 30-ies of the XIX century. In Tomsk and Yenisei province have opened gold mines. Since 1822 Tomsk Civil Governor was at the same time, and chief of the Altai mountain plants in the Tomsk was Mining Office. In the city there are many shops, hotels, luxury villas new kuptsov- "millionaires" began working small industrial enterprises. Increased trading volumes. Goods continuous flow went to Tomsk land and river routes. These leather goods transported from Moscow, Yaroslavl, Kazan. A particular demand was morocco, which sold well in the markets of Central Asia and China. Wide distribution is in Tomsk homespun cloth, axes, knives, locks, scissors, pots and nails.

At the end of the XIX century Tomsk continued to preserve the value of the shopping center in Siberia. In Tomsk province during the year took place more than 60 trade fairs, where the amount of goods sold more than 50 million rubles a year. The growth of trade affects the development of transport. With a weak industry special place in Tomsk held artisans representing 35 different kinds of industries, including izvozny stood in the first place. Quickly developing river transport. By the end of the century on the rivers of Western Siberia there were a more than 100 ships, most of which belonged to the Tomsk companies and merchants. But the development of the shipping company could not satisfy requests rapidly growing trade. In 1891, the Russian government decided to build the Siberian railway. In 1896, Tomsk stretch the railway line. In the city there are railway workshops, which gave rise to the development of heavy industry.

By the beginning of XX century in Tomsk, there were 208 factories. In addition to traditional leather, salotopennyh, candle, brick enterprises in the city are organized by the barrel, furniture, candy production. By the time the Tomsk population of over 25 thousand people, was built 13 thousand houses, of which 6 thousand houses. The city had electric lighting, trams, telephone network. As a commercial and industrial center, Tomsk ahead of all other city Ssibiri. Its value central warehouse Russian Siberian large firms grew with each passing year.

The town became famous scientific and cultural center. In 1888 he opened the first in Tomsk University in Siberia, in 1900. Institute of Technology, Higher Technical school, and then the University for Women. The city has 59 schools, colleges, schools, three public libraries, the theater department of the Moscow Society of Agriculture, urban community gardening, hunting, and promote the physical development of children, the Department of the Russian Musical Society: http://history.tsu.ru/



Four centuries of Tomsk history
The city was founded in 1604 by Russian Cossacks led by GI Pisemsky and VF Tyrkova. In the first century, Tomsk was a military fortress, support Russian advance into Siberia. Tomsk Cossacks founded the Kuznetsk fortress (now Novokuznetsk), Achinsk, Krasnoyarsk, Yeniseysk. In the mid-17th century, led a detachment IY Moskvitina first among Russian came to the Pacific coast.

In the 18th century Russian border moved away from Tomsk, and it lost its military importance. The core of urban life has become a Siberian trade route, linking the center of the country on the eastern outskirts. The city grew and became attractive to stay. Among the wooden buildings rose beautiful stone buildings of the Annunciation, Epiphany, Resurrection, Dukhovskoy, Znamenskaia churches. The first centers of culture in zateplilas Alexeyev monastery, where he opened a library and a school.

In 1804 Tomsk became the center of a vast Tomsk province, within its adminis-trative and managerial influence was involved in certain areas of the whole of Western Siberia, and in some cases, and Kazakhstan. By the end of the 19th century Tomsk became the most populous in Siberia, and the beginning of the First World War was one of the 20 largest cities in the country. The size of trade turnover, he ranked first in Siberia, developed as a transport hub in the region. The city has developed a complex of industrial enterprises focused on processing of agricultural raw materials, formed banking. The appearance of the city of Tomsk was true features.

In the late 19th - early 20th century in Tomsk, the first in the Asian part of Russian universities - University Institute of Technology, Siberian higher female rates prevailing average general and vocational schools. In Tomsk universities worked outstanding scientists: physiologist AA Kulyabko therapist M. Kurlov physicist BP Weinberg, a chemist NM Kizhner, biologists SI Korzhinskii and VV Sapozhnikov, a geologist in . Obruchev.

Tomsk city emerged as an intelligent, thinking, set up opposition to the tsarist government. He became one of the centers of liberalism and Siberian regionalism, whose leader GNPotanin the last two decades of his life in our city. The labor movement, student demonstrations, underground circles, political parties - all this determines the turbulent socio-political life of the early 20th century, Tomsk: http://history.tsu.ru/



Events 1917 revolution brought major changes in the life of the city: emerged from the underground political parties began to form trade unions, and any new controls act - the Committee of public order and security, Tomsk provincial People's Assembly, and then - the Soviet of Workers 'and Soldiers' Deputies. In December 1917 in Tomsk it was established Bolshevik government, but almost at the same time the city began to gather anti-Soviet forces. Since the summer of 1918, Tomsk was a place of formation and training parts of the White Army, stationed military hospitals. Tomsk intellectuals and bourgeois layers of the population supported the White movement, but in December 1919 in Tomsk Soviet power was restored, turned conversion in management, economics, society and culture along socialist lines.

While in 1920 the center of the province (later - districts), Tomsk and then lost administrative value, and restored it only in 1944, when there was the establishment of the Tomsk region. Being on the side of the socialist industrialization, the city practically did not grow industrially. For a long time it remained a city of universities, but it did not provide him a tolerable existence. The material difficulties of life were compounded by government policies. The repression against citizens, which began immediately after the establishment of Soviet power, have caused irreparable damage to the city.

However, during the Great Patriotic War Tomsk was able to accept and accommodate up to 50 thousand people were evacuated from the war zones, a few dozen industrial enterprises, educational, scientific and cultural institutions. There are many hospitals working on the front to send several large military formations.

During the war, clearly manifested a sense of patriotism, self-sacrifice in the name of Tomic victory over the enemy. On defense needs work as part of the country's first public committee of scientists from Tomsk prominent researchers and - VD Kuznetsov, AG Savinykh, DD Yablokov, B. Tokin, NI Kartashov, M. Korovin, V. Kessenikh. After a violent overthrow of the religion, the closure and destruction of almost all the temples of Tomsk at the end of the war and after it opened Trinity and St. Peter and Paul Church: http://history.tsu.ru/



In the postwar decades, increased the population of Tomsk, which has reached the middle of the 1980s, half a million inhabitants. Resumed the construction work, the city changed its appearance, grew and expanded. Develop large industry. In the 1970s he opened the Tomsk Scientific Center of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, now the Russian Academy of Sciences, composed of 5 research institutes and other scientific and industrial divisions. There was a whole cohort of researchers from different areas of physics and neighboring disciplines with her (A.A.Vorobev, VE Zuev, BM Kovalchuk, Panin, GA Month, SP Bugaev, C . D.Korovin). For the development of medical science-tion of great importance was the establishment of the Research Institute of Oncology, Institute of Cardiology, Mental Health Research Institute, Institute of Pharmacology and the Institute of Medical Genetics. In 1987, on the basis of their established Tomsk Scientific Center of Medical Sciences of the USSR (now the Academy of Medical Sciences), the country's first Regional Medical Research Centre, headed by RS Karpov. In addition, in Tomsk it operated up to two dozen university and industrial research institutes, a number of research and design institutes.

The weakening of state support in the late 1980s plunged the industry and scientific-educational complex of Tomsk in deep crisis, the search for exit that brings mixed success. During the 1990s in Tomsk change management system, were eliminated organs of the Party and the Soviet government, and there are new democratically elected Tomsk City Council and the State Duma of the Tomsk region, their executive bodies - the city of Tomsk Administration headed by Mayor A. Makarov and Administration Tomsk region, led by Governor V. Kress. New forms of ownership - joint-stock and private companies, to revive the construction and improvement of the city. Increased scientific and educational value of Tomsk: new status received some public universities. Along with the Tomsk State University Tomsk Polytechnic are here, teaching, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Siberian State Medical University and Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radio Electronics. It opened several new branch institutes, along with them, there were private universities.

Celebrating its 400th anniversary, Tomsk serves as a city of historical traditions, respect for and interest in antiquity, and is also a young city, where every fifth resident-student, a city with a great future: http://history.tsu.ru/


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